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  • Susan Stoderl

Thirteen Literacies Developed in Grades K-12


No longer is literacy defined as being proficient in reading, writing, and arithmetic. Here is a look at the top thirteen. Several have been grouped because of being interwoven.


1. Digital Literacy: Being proficient in using digital devices like smartphones, tablets, and laptops to achieve a variety of goals.


2. Media Literacy: Being able to adapt to new communication formats such as instant messaging, push notifications, wikis, online communities, blogs, or vlogs and being able to choose the most effective medium to use in a situation.


3. Visual Literacy: Being able to comprehend and create videos, photos, infographics, and other visuals.


4. Data Literacy: Being able to comprehend data to make informed decisions.


5. Game Literacy: Online video games lead to higher scores in math, reading, and science, and additionally help develop fine motor skills, better navigation abilities, and problem-solving strategies.


6. and 7. Health & Financial Literacy: These two form a partnership. Being in a healthy financial position makes it easier to make healthy choices. Having good health makes it possible to work hard for financial stability.


8. and 9. Civic & Ethical Literacy: Civic literacy involves understanding your rights and responsibilities as a citizen and being able to see opportunities and paths for involvement. Ethical literacy is being able to analyze what to do when core values conflict.


10. News Literacy: Being able to tell the difference between fact and fiction by reading the news, how to think about it, and evaluate it.


11. and 12. Coding & Computational Literacy: Coding can help learn how a computer could help solve a problem. Inventing a solution is as important as the ability to write code.

13. Foundational Literacy: Being able to read, write, and understand.


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